Two Important Agricultural Cultural Heritages of China Newly Added in Shaanxi

2017-07-10 09:10:58 , Source : The Government Website of Shaanxi Province

Recently, the Ministry of Agriculture announced the fourth batch of China's major agricultural cultural heritage list, which separately included Fengxian County Dahongpao pepper cultivation system and Lantian big apricot farming system in Shaanxi Province.

Fengxian County, located in the Qinling hinterland along the subtropical and warm temperate boundaries, has abundant pepper germplasm resourcesand better production conditions. The Feng pepper produced thereof is well known by large grains, vivid colors, overpowering odor, pump fruits and the fruit handles with small flaps like two ears, which has been planted since the Three Kindoms Period. For a long time, "Feng pepper" experienced a development pattern from the early pattern of "pepper planted at boundaries of land pieces” to the pattern of "planted at the borders of the terraced field", and then to the pattern of "barren hills development, the contiguous land pieces" and most pepper farmers formed a full set of Dahongpao pepper cultivation system on basis of the pepper breeding, cultivation and planting, plant protection management, harvesting and processing and pepper culture. At present in Feng County, Dahongpao pepper retained 45 million plants, equivalent to 45 million mu, which is an important local feature pillar industry.

Lantian County is located in the northern foot of the Qinling Mountains and southeast of Guanzhong Plain, where the big apricots are brightly yellow in color with best quality, especially that "Huaxu apricot" is more well known. The apricot farmers developed an unique ecological environment and formed a symbiotic system of three-dimensional apricot foods, grass and woods on basis of the county's unique ecological environment and light and heat resources. Meanwhile, the apricot-related religious culture, almond blossom tourism festivals and other production and living customs also are inherited and developed. At present, totoal 530 apricot trees over 100 years are growing in the county.

Agricultural cultural heritage refers to the agricultural production system featured in abundant agricultural biodiversity, perfect traditional knowledge and technology system as well as unique ecological and cultural landscape and heritaged by our people in long-time development with the enviroment of our people generation by generation.hese production systems are not only the “historical memory” of farming culture, but also the important resource for the development of leisure agriculture and rural tourism and even the "source of wisdom" for the sustainable development of agriculture at present and in the future, which is of great significance to improve the integrative development of the primary industry, secondary industry and the service sectors of the rural areas where the heritage site is, speed up the agricultural efficiency increasing, farmers' income increasing and greening of rural areas.

At present, total 3 agricultural production systems in Shaanxi province were identified as important agricultural heritages and 8 selected heritage sites were included in the Chinese agricultural cultural heritage census directory, where Jiaxian County Millennium ancient jujube gardens in Yulin City were identified as China's important agricultural cultural heritage and the world's major agricultural cultural heritage separately by the Ministry of Agriculture and the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.