Cultural relics from the Dian Kingdom shown in Emperor Qinshihuang’s Mausoleum Site Museum: bronze wares revivify the mysterious kingdom

2018-06-28 08:58:13 , Source : The Government Website of Shaanxi Province

Cultural relics from the Dian Kingdom are on show in the Emperor Qinshihuang’s Mausoleum Site Museum; these bronze wares revivify the history of this mysterious ancient kingdom.

A couple of bronze shell-storage containers, namely the saving pot today are shown in this exhibition. They are unique pieces from the Dian Bronze Culture, as well as the symbol of the position and status of the nobility in the Dian Kingdom.

The Gilt Bronze Buckle Ornament of Looting

This is the Gilt Bronze Buckle Ornament of Two Dancers. In view of their image feature and dress, they may be nonnatives, and some scholars believe that they were the northern nomads of the Saka people.

The Bronze Pillow of Fierce Tigers Attacking Cattle

The Bronze Desk of Cattle and Tiger

As a part of the Regional Culture Exhibition of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty held in the Emperor Qinshihuang’s Mausoleum Site Museum, 120 sets of representative artifacts displaying the culture of the mysterious ancient kingdom of Dian in southwest China were on show in the museum, which would last for three months. The mysteriousness of the kingdom lies in that it has been rarely recorded in the Records of the Grand Historian or other historical records. For this reason, those unearthed relics serve as an important and faithful historical account to study the history of this ethic group.

The Dian Kingdom was an ancient kingdom established by the ethnic group in the southwest border of China, the territory of which nowadays covers the area of central and eastern Yunnan Province. Extrapolated by the historical and cultural relic materials discovered so far, the birth of the kingdom should be no later than the early Warring States Period (around 500 BC), and the kingdom was in full bloom from the late Warring States Period (around 221 BC) to the Western Han Dynasty (202 BC – AD8). During the late Western Han Dynasty, the kingdom declined and was gradually taken over by the ruling dynasty in the Central Plains adopting the system of prefectures and counties. This exhibition is divided into four sections to demonstrate the historical process of the ancient Dian Kingdom: “The Reflection of the Ancient Kingdom”, “Bronzeware History”, “The Lost Kingdom”, and “Expanding Territory”. The showpieces are collections from the Yunnan Provincial Museum and the Yunnan Lijiashan Bronzeware Museum. These unique bronzewares can be authentic evidence for us to have a better knowledge of the society of the ancient Dian Kingdom in different aspects.

Hou Ningbin, the head of the Emperor Qinshihuang’s Mausoleum Museum said that the bronzewares in Shaanxi region are a reflection of the mainstream culture at that time, while the exhibition this time is a demonstration of the cultural elements of the ancient minority groups and other regions, which is of great importance for the research on the cultural veins before and after the great unification of the Qin Dynasty (221 – 207 BC).

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