Xi’an

2017-05-05 09:05:21 , Source : The Government Website of Shaanxi Province

Official Website: http://en.xa.gov.cn

Xi'an also known asChang'anbefore theMing dynasty,is the capital ofShaanxi Province. It is asub-provincial citylocated in the center of theGuanzhong PlaininNorthwest China. As one of theoldest cities in China, Xi'an is the oldest of theFour Great Ancient Capitals, having held the position under several of the most importantdynasties in Chinese history, includingWestern Zhou,Qin,Western Han,Sui, andTang. Xi'an is the starting point of theSilk Roadand home to theTerracotta ArmyofEmperor Qin Shi Huang.

Since the 1990s, as part of theeconomic revival of inland Chinaespecially for the central and northwest regions, the city of Xi'an has re-emerged as an important cultural, industrial and educational centre of the central-northwest region, with facilities forresearch and development,national securityandChina's space exploration program. Xi'an currently holdssub-provincialstatus, administering 9 districts and 4 counties. As of 2015Xi'an has a population of 8,705,600 and the Xi'an-Xianyang metropolitan area has a population of 13,569,700.It is the most populous city inNorthwest China, as well as one of the three most populous cities inWestern China.

As a time-honored historical and cultural city, Xi’an has been regarded as one of the four greatest cities of ancient civilization in the world. In addition, with the longest history and most influence among its Chinese counterparts, Xi’an has been reputed as the cradle of Chinese people and civilization, as well as the representative of Chinese culture. In the primitive times, the “Lantian Ape Men” lived here; in the Neolithic era, the “Banpo people” set up tribes here; in the 11th century B.C., King Wenwang of Zhou Dynasty built Fengjing and Haojing here, thus initiating the brilliant history of Xi’an as a capital city. It was built 3,100 years ago and had been made the capital city for 1,200 years for 13 dynasties including Zhou, Qin, Han, and Tang, etc., winning the honor of “land of empire for centuries”. Once the political, economic and cultural center of China, Xi’an has been the first Chinese city open up to the outside world and the starting point of the well-known Silk Road. The Terra-Cotta Warriors and Horses of Qin, one of the “eight wonders of the world” fully represents the profound historical and cultural deposit of Xi’an. What’s more, known as the “natural history museum” in China, Xi’an holds a great number of precious cultural relics and sites, of which many are rarely seen in China and in the world.

Xi’an enjoys superb traffic and location advantages. Located in the geographical center and the bordering area of Middle China and West China, Xi’an has been a portal and traffic hub that connects Northwest China with other regions. In the regional economic layout of China, Xi’an, the biggest central city in the Chinese section of the New Eurasia Land Bridge and the Longhai-Lanxin Railway Economic Belt, has been the bridgehead for West China Development and has played a significant strategic role in linking up different regions of China. Besides, as an important hub in the national “cross-shape” railway network and the radiating railway network of Shaanxi, Xi’an has become one of the largest nodes of the trunk highway network, and one of the six largest aviation and communication hubs in China with outstanding advantages. Along with the accelerated construction of high-speed railway network in China, it’s expected that in the future five years, the “one-day traffic circle” of Xi’an will cover more than half of China, and the population influenced by it will grow from the current 600 million to more than 1.2 billion.

Xi’an is a city of advanced technology and outstanding innovation capacity. In terms of comprehensive technological strength, Xi’an ranks the top in China. So far, there are 49 institutes of higher education, over 3,000 technical research institutes, and 661 independent research institutes in Xi’an, including 44 national key labs and industrial test centers. At present, there are 632,200 on-campus college students and over 417,700 technical professionals in Xi’an. Each year, more than 10,000 students of master and doctorate degrees graduate from local universities. Besides, there are 45 academicians of Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Engineering, and many first-rate scientists in Xi’an. Currently, there are 820,000 people above the educational level of junior colleges, accounting for 10.92% of the total population in Xi’an, and ranking first in China. In terms of the percentage of adults (above 18 years old) who have received education, Xi’an also ranks first in China. What’s more, Xi’an has attracts more than 1/3 of the technical forces for spaceflight in China. Spaceship, and the rocket engine, propellant, rocket-borne computer, and remote sensing facilities for “Shenzhou V” and “Shenzhou-VI” spaceship are all made in Xi’an. In 2009, 12,772 patents were submitted in Xi’an, which contributed for 51% of local economic growth.

Xi’an has witnessed rapid economic growth and blooming industry. In recent years, particularly since the commencement of West China Development, Xi’an has undergone accelerated growth and drastic change in urban landscape, thus entering a new age for fast social and economic development. For nine successive years, its economic growth has been kept above 13%, and its comprehensive strength has been enhanced remarkably. In 2009, the GDP of Xi’an reached RMB 272.4 billion Yuan, up by 14.5%. Over years of development, Xi’an has established a complete industrial system covering machineries, transportation, electronic information, aviation and space, biomedicine, food and beverage, and petroleum and chemical engineering; cultivated five leading industries including hi-tech, equipment manufacturing, tourism, modern service, and cultural industry, and; founded eight development platforms including Xi’an Hi-tech Industries Development Zone, Xi’an National Civil Aviation Industrial Base, Xi’an International Trade & Logistics Park, and Xi’an Fengwei New District, etc. Among them, Xi''an Hi-tech Industries Development Zone has been recognized as one of the six Chinese hi-tech parks to be built into world first-rate ones; Xi’an Economic & Technological Development Zone has dedicated to forging a manufacturing base in Jingwei Industrial Park with the investment of RMB 100 billion Yuan; Qujiang New District has been listed as one of the two national demonstration districts for cultural industry in China, and Chan-Ba Ecological District has successfully held the 2011 World Horticultural Exposition. Today, such development zones and bases have agglomerated the leading industries, promoted the local economy, and expedited the modern urban construction of Xi’an.

Xi’an is endowed with pleasant ecological environment. Located nearby Weihe River, the largest branch of the Yellow Rive in its north, and bordered on Mt. Qinling, the national park of China in its south, Xi’an boasts fascinating natural landscape. In recent years, its investment on urban construction has been increased; urban infrastructural conditions have been further improved, and urban road, greening, supply of gas, water, power and heat, telecommunication, and sewage and garbage treatment have been consummated, and its comprehensive urban service capability has been outstandingly elevated. So far, the coverage rate of fuel gas in Xi’an has reached 97.7%; 100% of the source for drinking water has lived up to relevant standards; daily water supply capacity has reached 1.75 million tons; sewage treatment capacity has reached 0.95 million tons/day, and; it has become the first city in northern China to solve the problem of water supply. In addition, by implementing the programs such as “large area of water surface” and “blue sky and green water”, the landscape of “eight rivers surrounding Xi’an” has been revived and the quality of residential environment has been improved remarkably. With the forest coverage of 42%, Xi’an enjoyed 304 days with the air quality above Grade-2 in 2009. To date, Xi’an has won several honors including the national clean city, national garden-like city, outstanding tourism city in China, and best Chinese city with the sense of happiness, thus making it an ideal place for living, recreation, investment, and business pioneering.

Xi’an will meet with important strategic opportunities in future. It is proposed in the 11th Congress of Party Representatives of Xi’an that Xi’an will be built into a cultural, lively and harmonious city in the years to come. It is also proposed that: The GDP of Xi’an will be increased by more than 13% annually; after fulfilling the “11th Five-year Plan”, the local GDP of Xi’an will reach RMB 350 billion Yuan, and the per capita GDP will exceed US$ 4,500 by 2011, doubling that in 2005, assuring the well-off society of Xi’an in Shaanxi, and making Xi’an the bellwether among the innovation-oriented cities in West China, and engendering Xi’an a first-rate tourist destination and the most livable city in China. In June 2008, the State Council approved the Development Planning of Guanzhong-Tianshui Economic Zone, in which Xi’an was positioned to forge an international metropolis. It is expected that by 2020, with total population of more than ten million and total urban area of 800km², Xi’an will become an important R&D center in China, a regional center for trade, logistics, conference, exhibition and finance, a first-rate international tourist destination, a vital base for hi-tech industries and advanced manufacturing in China. The implementation of Development Planning of Guanzhong-Tianshui Economic Zone signifies that “Guanzhong-Tianshui Economic Zone” has become a national economic area and Xi’an will play a leading role in the regional development of China. At present, guided by the scientific outlook on development, all the people in Xi’an have been working hard to promote various courses, so as to create better future for Xi’an and happier life for local residents.

Today, Xi’an, a time-honored ancient capital, has become a vigorous modern city and a hotspot for investors. We sincerely welcome friends from all over the world to visit and invest in Xi’an.

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