Gumi (South Korea)

2017-04-27 09:44:59 , Source : The Government Website of Shaanxi Province

Gumi is the second largest city in Gyeongsangbuk-do, South Korea. It is located on the Nakdong River, half way between Daegu and Gimcheon, also lies on the Gyeongbu Expressway and Gyeongbu Line railway which are the principal traffic routes of the country.

The city is an industrial center of the country with many companies, including Samsung Electronics and LG Display. The primary industries are electronics, textiles, fibers, rubber, plastic and metal products. In Gumi, 1,772 companies employ over 80,000 workers. It is the largest scale in Korea. In 2009, the city exported the largest amount in the country and accounted for 96.9% of trade surplus of Korea in 2000 to 2009.

The former President of South Korea, Park Chung-hee was born in the city.

History

In the Three Kingdoms period, Gumi was territory of Silla. The first Silla temple, Dori Temple, was constructed here.

More recently, the town was the birthplace of the South Korean president Park Chung-Hee. Not coincidentally, it was during his administration that the South Korean government selected Gumi as a site for major industrial development. His birth home is a museum today.

Gumi developed rapidly during the 1960s, growing from a small rural town into a large city thanks to huge infusions of development money from the government. It was selected for development for some practical reasons such as its easy access to transportation infrastructure, and its location in the industrialized Yeongnam region.

Administrative divisions

The city center of Gumi is divided into 19 dong, or neighborhood units. The hinterland is divided into 6 myeon, or rural areas, and 2 eup, or large villages: Seonsan-eup and Goa-eup.

People

Famous people from Gumi include former South Korean president Park Chung-hee, his daughter Park Geun-hye, singer and I Am A Singer 4 finalist Hwang Chi-yeul, former H.O.T. member Jang Woo-hyuk, former G.O.D. member Kim Tae-woo, e-sports player Lee Yun-Yeol-known as "Genius Terran", girlgroup member AOA's Kim Chanmi, and Kim Hyo Suk who obtained her doctoral degree in Art Therapy as the first person in Korea, as well as Ju Hyung Ahn, a world-renowned expert.

Sport

Gumi is homeground for KB Insurance Stars volleyball team (Korean volleyball league). Their home stadium is Park Chung-hee Stadium, and the stadium is located in Gwangpyeong-dong, Gumi.

Geumo Mountain

Geumo Mountain (Geumo San) Provincial Park is a popular hiking destination. The peak at 976 m above sea level is one of the eight famous spots in the Yeongman area and is the location of the start of the nature preservation campaign in Korea. The park has an amusement area called Geumo Land and the Geumo reservoir. There are several interesting sites on the mountain that include:

The Doesan Cave, Daehye Waterfall and HaeUn Buddhist Temple are easily reached by taking the cable car from the entrance of the park and a short hike.

Doesan Cave named after the Buddhist monk Doesan who attained a state of nirvana in the cave. He was a master of the theory of "divination based on topography" in the later Shilla dynasty.

Daehye Waterfall is 27 m high and is especially beautiful during the rainy season when there is a lot of water flowing over it. It can be completely dry during periods without rain and is frozen in winter.

The HaeUn Buddhist Temple is also near the top of the cable car route.

The YakSa Temple and the Ma Ae cliff Buddha statue are both near the summit of Geumo Mountain and require about 1 – 2 hours of hiking to reach them.

The YakSa Temple is an active Buddhist temple and is said to have been created to commemorate Saint Ulsang's attainment of nirvana. It sits near the peak of the mountain and can be reached both from the peak and by a trail from the bottom. It has a unique bell that sits on a separate spike of rock connected by a suspension bridge.

The Ma Ae Cliff Buddha (National Treasure #490) is carved into the corner of a cliff face thought to have been carved during the Goryeo dynasty.