Government Work Report Focuses on the “13th Five-Year Plan”: Challenges and Opportunities

2017-03-17 09:18:07 , Source : The Government Website of Shaanxi Province

The Fourth Session of the 12th People’s Congress of Shaanxi Province opened on January 24

The Fourth Session of the 12th People’s Congress of Shaanxi Province opened on January 24

On the morning of January 24, the Fourth Session of the 12th People’s Congress of Shaanxi Province opened at Shaanxi Grand Hall. Governor Lou Qinjian made a government work report on behalf of provincial government, and he said that the “13th Five-Year Plan” is the crucial period to build a moderately well-off society in an all-around way and according to the plan draft, the main development objective for the next five years is that economic growth is higher than the national average level on the basis of better quality and benefits.

By 2020, GDP will be up to RMB 3 trillion Yuan, and GDP per capita will exceed US$ 10,000; income of urban and rural residents will surpass the national average level, and all rural poverty populations will get out of poverty under the current standard; basic public services will be equalized, the living standard and quality of people will be further improved; construction of the moderately well-off society in an all-around way will be synchronized and acceptable, and construction of “three Shaanxi” (i.e. rich Shaanxi, harmonious Shaanxi and beautiful Shaanxi) will be at a higher level.

Five challenges under the big situations

Lou Qinjian said that Shaanxi faces severe challenges to achieve the grand objective.

Severe challenges:

1. Rather large uncertainty and instability of economy, especially continuous fall of international energy price, cause continuous increase of economic downward pressure.

2. Under dual influences of resource and environmental constraints and market fluctuations, deep-seated problems of industrial structure are more apparent and the problem of lacking growth power is very serious.

3. Though major breakthrough has been made in income of the masses, poverty alleviation program, ecological construction and opening to the outside world, there is still a certain gap between reality and expectation of the masses.

4. Capacities of understanding, grasping and leading New Normal shall be further improved, and there are new great challenges to realize slowdown in economic growth, structural adjustment and power conversion.

5. In terms of governmental construction, clean governance shall be continuously strengthened, and it is more important to solve the problems that government officials are not responsible and are neglectful of their duties.

Seven opportunities in despite of pressure

But Lou Qinjian said that there are still major opportunities in spite of challenges.

Development opportunities:

1. Highlights of science and technology and talent advantages and continuous growth of standard, patent and technology exchange achievements lay a solid foundation for innovation-driven development.

2. The country entrusts Shaanxi with the mission to try out construction of new pilot of inland reform and opening-up and many plans have been raised to national strategy, which wins Shaanxi more support.

3. Acceleration of modern industrial system will win a priority in increasingly fierce individualized market competition.

4. Continuously fast growth accumulation and infrastructure improvement provide a strong support for better and faster development.

5. Continuous improvement of people's livelihood and ecology environment plays a great role in protecting and developing productivity.

6. Big structure of “the Belt and Road” construction expands development space of Shaanxi.

7. Comprehensive deepening of reform and positive attitude and pursuit of dream of 37 million Shaanxi people will generate strong power.

Basic thoughts: according to General Secretary Xi Jinping’s requirements of catching up and surpassing and “five down-to-earth promotions” (i.e. promote the sustainable and healthy development of economy, promote the construction of agricultural modernization, promote the construction of culture, promote the guarantee and improvement of people’s livelihood and promote the overall implementation of strict rules for CPC members), focus on strategic layout of “four comprehensives” (i.e. comprehensively building a moderately prosperous society, comprehensively driving reform to a deeper level, comprehensively governing the country in accordance with the law, and comprehensively enforcing strict Party discipline), closely follow five development concepts of innovation, harmonization, green, openness and sharing and positively promote supply-side structural reform to achieve new success under New Normal.

Construction of innovative province and 60% contribution rate of scientific and technological progress by 2020

Objectives:

Play the leading role of scientific and technological innovation and consolidate the role of enterprises as main players of innovation

Implement “Made in China, 2025” and “Internet +” action plan

Contribution rate of scientific and technological progress shall be up to 60% by 2020.

Lou Qinjian said that play the leading role of scientific and technological innovation, consolidate the role of enterprises as main players of innovation, support construction of national key laboratories, strengthen intellectual property protection and application, promote collaborative innovation of enterprises, colleges and universities and scientific research institutions, implement “Made in China, 2025” and “Internet +” action plan and promote rapid transformation of scientific and technological achievements to construct modern industrial system which is with Shaanxi characteristics and reflects the leading role of innovation. Contribution rate of scientific and technological progress shall be up to 60% by 2020, and the number of enterprises standing among Chinese well-known brands shall be greatly increased.

Coordinate urban and rural development to enable urbanization rate above 45%

Objectives:

Urbanization rate of registered population exceeds 45%

Operation mileage of Xi'an metro is up to 200km

Length of expressway and length of new and rebuilt rural highway is up to 1,500km and 60,000km respectively

Lou Qinjian said that actively accelerate amazing Xi’an construction, put forth efforts to enhance carrying capacity of small and medium-sized cities, carry on innovation in development patterns of important towns and pay close attention to rural community, traditional village conservation and beautiful country construction; urbanization rate of registered population exceeds 45%, and coverage rate of rural community service center construction reaches 60%.

Meanwhile, with the goal of balanced development, enhance infrastructure guarantee capability with focus on integrated and three-dimensional transportation, start Xi'an Xianyang International Airport Phase Ⅲ Project, operation mileage of Xi'an metro is up to 200km, and construct 3,500km railway, 1,500km expressway and 60,000km new and rebuilt rural highway to enable city-city high-speed railway, county-county expressway and village-village asphalt road.

Development with emphasis on ecological civilization to enable greening rate above 45%

Objectives:

Forest coverage rate of the whole province exceeds 45%

Energy consumption per unit of GDP is reduced by 15%

Strive to have 10 more days of blue sky in Xi’an

Lou Qinjian said that strictly draw and execute various ecological redlines, conscientiously implement natural resources and environment protection supervision and lifelong responsibility system, continuously take severe measures to control pollution and haze, start city dispersal, dredge and greening increase project, energetically carry out green mine construction, further promote contiguous rural environment remediation and water sources protection and start mountain, water, forest, farmland and lake ecological protection and restoration project.

Actively strive for construction of Qinling Mountains, Qiaoshan Mountains and Yellow River national park, construct provincial water system based on system planning of “storing water in the Central Shaanxi Plain, preventing water in Southern Shaanxi and introducing water to Northern Shaanxi, actively support green and cleaner production and consumption and energetically develop recycling economy.

Forest coverage rate of the whole province exceeds 45%, total amount of main pollutants discharge declines sharply, energy consumption per unit of GDP is reduced by 15%, strive to have 10 more days of blue sky in Xi’an and fundamental changes take place in rural environment of the Central Shaanxi Plain.

Be the new pilot of inland opening-up and the key city of Silk Road economic belt

Objectives:

Construct various centers of Silk Road economic belt

Build economic cooperation zones with countries along Silk Road

Properly hold all kinds of open exhibitions to attract transnational organizations to settle down in Xi’an

Actively construct “the Belt and Road”, construct international transportation and commercial and trade center, science and technology innovation center, industry cooperation center, cultural tourism center and regional financial center of Silk Road economic belt, accelerate construction of Xi’an consulate area, actively declare Shaanxi Pilot Free Trade Zone, and build economic cooperation zones with countries along Silk Road.

Continue to properly hold Euro-Asia Economic Forum, Silk Road International Expo & the Investment and Trade forum for Cooperation between East and West China (ITFCEW), Yangling Agricultural High-tech Fair and Silk Road series festivals and meetings, and make efforts to attract transnational corporations and global industrial leading enterprises to make strategic investment or build regional headquarters and branches.

Support qualified enterprises to participate in international capacity cooperation, smooth the channel for dialogue with government, enterprise cooperation and interaction among the people, and promote the all-round opening up.

All the people share development achievements, 2.2 million people obtain employment and 3.31 million people get out of poverty

Objectives:

2.2 million new jobs are created

Fully implement 13-year free education

Five colleges and universities and 50 subjects reach the top level in China

In 2017, clinic visiting rate in counties shall be up to 90%, and average life expectancy shall be 76.7 years by 2020.

Average annual growth of cultural industry exceeds 15%

All 3.31 million impoverished people get out of poverty

Lou Qinjian said that during the “13th Five-Year Plan”, 2.2 million new jobs shall be created. Popularize three-year pre-school education, fully implement 13-year free education, promote free secondary vocational education, and five colleges and universities and 50 subjects reach the top level in China.

In terms of social security, basic system shall be finalized and complete, legal people shall be covered, security standards shall be adjusted rationally, social assistance system shall be more complete, housing supply system satisfying multi-level demands shall be developed.

On the basis of Health Action Plan for Xi’an, improve public health services, accelerate comprehensive reform of public hospital, improve traditional Chinese medicine service system, and perfect hierarchical medical system; in 2017, clinic visiting rate in counties shall be up to 90%, and average life expectancy shall be 76.7 years by 2020.

The modern public culture service system which covers urban and rural areas, is convenient and efficient, ensures basic services and promotes fairness is basically completed, average annual growth of cultural industry exceeds 15%, spiritual life of the masses is richer, and soft power of Shaanxi culture is overall raised. The fight against poverty is comprehensively won, all key counties and district counties get out of poverty and all 3.31 million impoverished people get out of poverty.

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